Papaya is a large, ovoid or pear-shaped berry with a yellowish-green, yellow, or orange-yellow color. Inside it is the pulp, soft, very juicy, with a sweet and smooth flavor, orange or reddish color and with numerous shiny and spicy black seeds. It can measure between 10 and 25cm long and more than 15cm in diameter.
PROPERTIES AND BENEFITS OF LA PAPAYA
This fruit is suitable for almost everyone, but especially for the elderly, growing children, lactating women and smokers with the exception of those who are allergic to latex, since they can also be allergic to papayas since they contain chitinase, whose enzymes cause a cross reaction between latex and food this biopolymer.
It is one of those considered super foods for its nutritional properties and its contribution of minerals and substances beneficial to health. From the outset, it is perfect for slimming diets . 88% of its volume is water and the rest, fiber, with which the intestinal transit is assured and constipation is avoided.
One of its main components, and that is only found in it, is papain, an enzyme characterized by its ability to break down proteins and acting on the digestive system. It favors the treatment of digestive disorders, especially when there is a deficit of gastroduodenal and pancreatic secretions. Gastritis, hiatal hernia, heartburn and poor digestion are relieved with papaya. In case of diarrhea, however, this fruit should not be taken, as it has a slight laxative effect.
It also has anti-inflammatory properties when consumed directly thanks to the hill , a nutrient found in papaya that helps our bodies sleep, move muscles, learn, and memorize. This nutrient also helps maintain the structure of cell membranes, transmit nerve impulses, absorb fat, and reduce chronic inflammation, which is why papaya has long been used as a natural medicine. Its anti-inflammatory effects are used in treatments for internal use to combat tonsillitis, pharyngitis, arthritis or gout, and for external use, on wounds, bruises or bites.
Papaya contains provitamins A in the form of beta-carotene, to a greater extent than carrot, so it favors and maintains the tan and prevents stains and burns. It works against eczema and acne. The risks of developing asthma are also known to be lower in people who consume a lot of beta-carotene.
It is very rich in vitamin C, just with half a papaya almost double the daily needs of this vitamin are covered.
It also contains vitamins B, E and K, folic acid and minerals such as potassium, half a piece provides the sixth part that the body needs per day of this mineral. Fiber content, potassium and vitamins from papayas also help prevent heart disease. An increase in potassium intake along with a decrease in sodium intake are a key combination in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Also in its composition is soluble fiber, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, alpha linolenic acid (from the family of omega 3 oils), alkaloids that regulate blood pressure; phenols and lycopene , with antioxidant action.
It is used a lot in cosmetics for skin and hair because it is moisturizing, regenerative and exfoliating. When used topically, crushed papaya appears to be beneficial in promoting wound healing and preventing infection of burned areas. Researchers believe that the proteolytic enzymes chymopapain and papain in papaya are responsible for these beneficial effects. Ointments containing the enzyme papain have also been used to treat pressure ulcers (pressure ulcers).
The papaya takes advantage of practically everything. In some countries, the seeds, once dried and crushed, are used as spices. The leaves of the shrub are consumed in some countries as an infusion to treat malaria . Other medicinal uses are against dengue, due to its antiviral properties.
HOW TO EAT PAPAYA
One way to check that it is ready is to observe that the outer skin is more yellow than green and perhaps with some brown spots.
To eat it fresh, the easiest thing to do is cut it in half, remove the seeds with a teaspoon, and then remove the orange and tasty pulp. Before tasting it, it is advisable to pass the pulp through water, because the black seeds inside, although they have already been removed, can leave a bitter aftertaste. In many places it is eaten fresh, sprinkled with just a dash of lime or lemon.
In addition to being fresh, it is also consumed cooked, in smoothies, soft drinks and jams. in salads, cold soups, skewers and tapas, Vegetable garnishes, mixed or crushed sauces, carpaccios, moles such as avocado, in fruit salads, with ice cream, crepes, puff pastry, mousses, puddings, sweet creams, cream, yogurt, muesli or melted dark chocolate .
The hide is inedible, contains latex and is used to tenderize meat and also to macerate fibers in the textile industry and in leather tanning.
HOW TO STORE PAPAYA
If when we go to buy it it is green but we see that around the end of the stem the color is yellow, it means that it will ripen. If it lacks a little it can be left in the fruit bowl. The ideal temperature to complete your point is between 22 and 27 ºC. Once ripe, it is advisable to put it in the fridge, because when cold it is tastier.